Assault Occasioning Actual Bodily Harm

Assault occasioning actual bodily harm is when the assault causes an injury. As a result, it is dealt with more seriously than common assault. We’ve explained this charge in more detail below. If you need help, call one of our experienced criminal lawyers on 0421 700 497.

Can I avoid a criminal record for assault occasioning actual bodily harm?

Yes, it is possible to avoid a criminal record. The likelihood of this outcome depends on the extent of the injury, the circumstances of the offence, and the subjective circumstances of the offender. 

It is possible to increase the chances of this outcome by preparing a strong subjective case. We help you prepare a strong case, by working closely with you and understanding the unique circumstances of your case.

However, due to the seriousness of this charge, a conviction will be recorded in most cases.

Likely sentence

Depending of the seriousness of the offence, the most common penalty for a first time offender is a conditional release order or community correction order. As a result, a conviction is recorded.

Will I go to jail?

Assault occasioning actual bodily harm carries a maximum penalty of 5 years imprisonment in NSW. Therefore, it is possible to go to jail.

For serious examples of this offence, the court will consider a term of imprisonment. This includes first time offenders. However, there are other options available to the court for serious assaults, such as an intensive corrections order. Therefore, you should seek legal advice to find out if it is possible to minimise your chance of going to jail.

If I defend the charge, what must be proved?

The prosecution must prove beyond reasonable doubt that:

  1. There was physical conduct (touching or striking); 
  2. The conduct was intentional or reckless;
  3. The conduct was without the consent of the person; 
  4. Without lawful excuse; and
  5. The action caused actual bodily harm.

Therefore, you will be found not guilty if the prosecution is unable to prove these elements, or you can establish that you acted in self-defence, under duress or out of necessity.

Examples of ‘actual bodily harm’

Actual bodily harm refers to an assault where an injury occurs. However, the injury must be “more than merely transient or fleeting” (R v Donovan [1934] KB 498).

There is no exhaustive list of what constitutes actual bodily harm. For instance, bruises and scratches are common examples of injuries that are capable of amounting to actual bodily harm. In some cases, psychological harm can also amount to actual bodily harm.

If the injury is transient or fleeting, the more appropriate charge is common assault.

We can help 

Our lawyers are experts in representing offenders charged with assault. We can help you defend the charge. We have also had consistent success with negotiating with police, which can result in the charge being withdrawn or downgraded.

Contact us today on 0421 700 497 for a free initial consultation.

criminal lawyer discussing with a client about his offense

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